MYOCITY : A multidimensional single-cell approach to understand muscle dystrophy

Joint Transnational Call 2019 (JTC2019)

MYOCITY : A multidimensional single-cell approach to understand muscle dystrophy

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) and LAMA2-related Muscular Dystrophy (LAMA2 MD) are rare and devastating genetic disease of childhood manifested by progressive skeletal muscle wasting and ultimately death. In both diseases, muscle undergoes constant cycles of degeneration-regeneration exacerbated by intrinsic muscle stem cell (MuSC) dysfunction and their impaired ability to support long-term regeneration. The overall goal of the project is to use a combination of single-cell transcriptomics (RNA-sequencing) and proteomics (mass cytometry, CyTOF) to define the cellular composition of diseased muscle tissues at the single- cell resolution. We will delineate the different cell populations that pre-exist and arise during disease progression and classify the novel cellular subsets involved in this process. This data, in combination with genetic lineage tracing will allow reconstruction of the MuSC lineage hierarchy. We will further characterize cellular subpopulations associated with human muscle dystrophies by performing 3-Dimensional intact-tissue RNA sequencing on patient biopsies The unbiased elucidation of the cellular events underlying the different steps of muscle disease progression at the single-cell level represents crucial missing information, which will push forward our current knowledge on muscle dystrophies. Ultimately, our goal is to develop new biomarkers and eventually new pharmacological approaches to enhance therapy by stimulating intrinsic muscle tissue repair and capitalize on our single cell expertise to uncover disease-related subsets in human biopsies.

  • Le Grand, Fabien (Coordinator)
    Institut National de la Santé et la Recherche Médicale (INSERM) [FRANCE]
  • Rudnicki, Michael
    University of Ottawa [CANADA]
  • Ruegg, Markus
    University of Basel [SWITZERLAND]

  • Previtali, Stefano
    IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele [ITALY]
  • Bava, Alessio
    University Paris Sud [FRANCE]